May 18, 2018

Maximum pressure. That’s the stated U.S. policy towards North Korea. In addition to tough talk and joint military exercises with partners in the region, this policy relies on sanctions to put economic pressure on North Korea.

This pressure, however, is limited by North Korea’s own capabilities. The c...

July 12, 2017

North Korea’s first intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) launch marks a high point for Kim Jong-un who has overseen more missile tests than any previous leader. Deterrence, however, requires more than just nuclear missiles. It also requires effective communication and the credibility of intent,...

June 15, 2017

The discovery of a hidden weapons program in Iraq in 1991 motivated the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to strengthen its safeguarding of nuclear materials with an Additional Protocol (AP) that gives the Agency far greater investigatory powers than before.  While this new, voluntary agreem...

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The UK Project on Nuclear Issues (UK PONI) promotes a cross-generational debate on contemporary nuclear issues. Nuclear Reactions is the blog of UK PONI, where all members can contribute new ideas and research.

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